Drivers are not required to undergo formal training under the federal drug and alcohol testing regulations. However, materials explaining how the employer implements the requirements of 49 CFR Part 382, and the employer's policies, must be provided to each driver.
Written notice of the availability of these materials must be provided to union representatives. These materials must be distributed prior to the start of alcohol and drug testing. Each driver must sign a receipt that he/she has received a copy of the materials.
Information on the following eleven areas must be included in the materials:
- The name of the person designated by the employer to answer driver questions about the materials
- The categories of drivers who are subject to the provisions of 49 CFR Part 382
- Sufficient information about the safety–sensitive functions performed by those drivers to make clear what period of the work day the driver is required to be in compliance with 49 CFR Part 382
- Specific information concerning driver conduct that is prohibited
- The circumstances under which a driver will be tested for alcohol and/or drugs under 49 CFR Part 382
- The procedures that will be used to test for the presence of alcohol and drugs, protect the driver and the integrity of the testing processes, safeguard the validity of the test results, and ensure that those results are attributed to the correct driver
- The requirement that a driver submit to alcohol and drug tests administered in accordance with 49 CFR Part 382
- An explanation of what constitutes a refusal to submit to an alcohol or controlled substances test and the attendant consequences
- The consequences for drivers found to have violated Subpart B, including the requirement that the driver be removed immediately from safety–sensitive functions, and the procedures under §382.605;
- The consequences for drivers found to have an alcohol concentration of 0.02 or greater but less than 0.04
- Information concerning:
- The effects of alcohol and drug use on an individual's health, work, and personal life
- Signs and symptoms of an alcohol or drug problem (the driver's or a co–worker's)
- Available methods of intervening when an alcohol or drug problem is suspected, including confrontation, referral to any employee assistance program and or referral to management.
Optional Provision — The materials may also include information on additional employer policies with respect to the use or possession of alcohol or drugs. These additional policies must be clearly identified as based on the employer's independent authority.
Source: JJ Keller